Michael Rothenstein (1908-1993) Night City

Michael Rothenstein (1908-1993) Night City

Biography

Michael Rothenstein was born in London in 1908, the son of the artist Sir William Rothenstein (1872-1945). He studied at Chelsea Polytechnic and General School of Arts and Crafts from 1924 to 1927 and had his first one-man show at Matthiesen Gallery in London in 1938. During the Second World War he participated in the Pilgrim Trust Recording Britain project and made his first prints in 1946 for a first series of School Prints for use in schools, as a means of giving children an understanding of contemporary art. He also made drawings for the War Artists Committee. Between 1948 and 1953 he made further prints including works for the Miller’s Press in Lewes, Sussex. He also executed a large group of monotypes between 1948 and 1950 and after a series of short visits to S W Hayter’s Atelier 17 in Paris began making colour etchings. In the early 1950’s he exhibited both in Great Britain and abroad. It was in 1954 that he founded a graphic workshop in Great Bardfield in Essex, home of the artists Edward Bawden and John Aldridge and went on teaching at the Camberwell School of Art, having won first prize in the Giles Bequest Competition for colour woodcuts and linocuts in 1954 and 1956. His main contribution was the development of the relief print using found objects and materials, such as metal, plaster, fabric: anything that could be coated in ink. This became the subject of three of his books, including Frontiers of Printmaking (1966) and Relief Printing (1970). Rothenstein showed in many London Galleries and had a retrospective exhibition at Stoke-on-Trent City Museum and Art Galleries in 1989-90. The Tate Gallery, the V&A, the British Museum and the Museum of Modern Art in New York hold his work. He was made RE and elected RA in 1983. His daughter Anne is also a painter.

Statement

The central figure in this composition stands in focus as her surroundings appear blurred due to the technique of print making which has been used here. It shows Rothenstein’s control over the development and effect of the print, even though the final results appear uncontrolled. Despite the pose and the side glance of the woman towards the spectator which perhaps indicates a wish to be ignored and left alone, Rothenstein’s central placement encourages the spectator to question her situation, attitude and social status. Rothenstein’s father, Sir William Rothenstein (1872-1945), also painted the portrait of A Woman Standing in Doorway in c.1894.

Here the presence of the city is evident, signifying the emergence of a more public framework for communicating ideas. At that time Rothenstein had a particular interest in newspaper photography, examples of which he collected since before the Second World War. Paolozzi had already validated such popular sources as magazines, science fiction fantasy and horror comics and in America Rauschenberg had photo-sensitised and photo-screen printed images onto canvas. It was these combined images that Rothenstein first saw in Paris in 1958 and later tried to reproduce, creating smoky mysterious images like here.

Bibliography

CHAMOT, Mary, FARR, Denis and BUTLIN, Martin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London, 1964

PLATTE, Hans., Artists Prints in Colour, Barrie & Rockliff, London, 1961

REINER, Imre, Woodcut, Wood Engraving: A Contribution to the History of Art , Publix, London, 1947

ROTHENSTEIN, Michael, Frontiers of Printmaking: New Aspects of Relief Painting, Studio Vista, London, 1966

SIDEY, Tessa, The Prints of Michael Rothenstein, Scholar Press, Aldershot, 1993

Evelyne Bell